History of Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is an ancient Incan citadel located in the Cusco region of Peru. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Sacred Valley, and its name in Quechua, the language of the Inca, means "old peak." Machu Picchu is one of the most visited tourist destinations in the world, attracting millions of visitors every year. The site has a rich history that spans hundreds of years, and its origins are still shrouded in mystery.
The Inca civilization was a highly advanced culture that flourished in the Andes region of South America from the 13th to the 16th century. The Inca were skilled architects, engineers, and farmers, and they built impressive structures, including Machu Picchu. The site was likely built in the 15th century during the reign of the Inca emperor Pachacuti. The Inca were known for their elaborate road system, and Machu Picchu was likely built as a resting place for Inca royalty and their entourage during their travels.
Machu Picchu was constructed using the traditional Inca building techniques, which involved using large stone blocks that fit together perfectly without the use of mortar. The citadel was built on a steep slope, and the Inca used terraces to create flat surfaces for farming and construction. The terraces were constructed using a technique called andenes, which involved building walls and filling them with soil to create a flat surface. The walls were then lined with stones to prevent erosion.
by the Inca shortly after the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century. It is believed that the site was abandoned due to the spread of diseases brought by the Spanish, as well as the destruction of Inca culture and society. The site was lost to history for centuries until it was rediscovered in 1911 by American historian Hiram Bingham.
Bingham was on an expedition in search of Vilcabamba, the last Inca stronghold. He was led to Machu Picchu by a local farmer, and he was immediately struck by the beauty and complexity of the site. Bingham spent several years excavating the site and studying the Inca civilization. His work helped to bring attention to the site and its importance in Inca history. In the years following Bingham's discovery, Machu Picchu became a popular tourist destination. However, the increased tourism also led to concerns about the preservation of the site. In 1983, Machu Picchu was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and efforts were made to limit the number of visitors and protect the site from damage.
Despite its popularity as a tourist destination, Machu Picchu remains a mystery in many ways. While much is known about the Inca civilization, there is still much that is not understood about the site and its purpose. Some experts believe that Machu Picchu was a religious site, while others believe that it was a royal retreat. It is also unclear why the site was abandoned by the Inca, and why it remained hidden for so many years.
In recent years, new discoveries have shed light on some of the mysteries surrounding Machu Picchu. In 2010, a team of archaeologists discovered a hidden room beneath the site. The room was filled with artifacts, including pottery and human remains, and it is believed that it was used for religious ceremonies.
In 2014, another discovery was made when a team of researchers used satellite imagery to identify a series of previously unknown structures around Machu Picchu. The structures were believed to be part of a larger complex of buildings and terraces that were used for farming and housing.
Machu Picchu remains one of the most fascinating and enigmatic sites in the world. Its beauty and complexity