The history of Tango
Tango is a musical genre and dance form that originated in the late 19th century in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and quickly became an important part of the country's cultural identity. Over the years, tango has evolved and changed, but its popularity has never waned. This essay will explore the history of tango in Argentina, from its origins to its place in modern culture.
Origins of Tango
The origins of tango are somewhat unclear, but it is generally believed to have developed in the working-class neighborhoods of Buenos Aires in the late 19th century. It is thought that tango grew out of the fusion of different musical styles, including African rhythms, European ballroom dances, and traditional Argentine folk music. At first, tango was viewed as a disreputable dance, associated with the criminal underworld and brothels. Nevertheless, it quickly gained popularity among the lower classes and became a fixture of Buenos Aires nightlife.
The Golden Age of Tango
In the early 20th century, tango underwent a transformation, becoming more refined and sophisticated. This period, known as the "Golden Age" of tango, saw the emergence of many famous tango musicians and dancers, and tango became a symbol of Argentine national identity. The most famous tango musician of this era was Carlos Gardel, who became an international star and helped to popularize tango around the world. Other notable musicians of the Golden Age include Anibal Troilo, Osvaldo Pugliese, and Juan D'Arienzo.
Tango also became more popular as a dance during this period, with many tango clubs and dance halls opening up throughout Buenos Aires. Tango became a way for people to socialize, and it became an important part of Argentine culture. The dance itself underwent a transformation, becoming more intricate and elaborate, with dancers performing complex footwork and movements.
Decline and Revival
The 1950s and 1960s saw a decline in the popularity of tango, as younger generations began to embrace other forms of music and dance. However, tango experienced a revival in the 1980s, as a new generation of musicians and dancers sought to revive the classic sound of tango while also incorporating new elements and styles.
One of the most influential figures in this revival was Astor Piazzolla, who fused tango with jazz and classical music to create a new style known as "nuevo tango." Piazzolla's music was controversial at first, as it represented a departure from traditional tango, but it ultimately became very popular and helped to revitalize interest in the genre.
Today, tango remains an important part of Argentine culture and is celebrated throughout the country. Buenos Aires is home to many tango clubs and dance halls, and there are tango festivals held throughout the year. Tango has also become popular around the world, with tango schools and dance clubs in many countries. In 2009, UNESCO declared the tango to be part of the world's cultural heritage. If you want to take a closer look at this brand new dance style or learn it, don't hesitate to visit Argentina.